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what amount of copper is considered economically viable for mining

Rare earth minerals power the world, but mining leaves ...

 · But in some spots they occur in seams of mineable, high-concentration minerals called ores. The economically viable concentration of a mineral depends largely on its market price. Gold ore can be viable at concentrations as low as 0.0001 percent, while copper becomes uneconomic below 0.5 …

Copper, the most critical metal

 · If each EV contains 85 kg of copper, that is 42,500,000,000 kg, or 42,500,000 tonnes of copper, roughly twice the current volume of copper produced by all of the world''s copper mines.

How Much Gold & Silver Is Left In The World, & When Will ...

 · As far as the amount of gold that remains in the earth … there are about 57,000 tons left to be mined. ... copper mines, and gold mines ... there''s a difference between the presence of gold, and economically viable reserves where a mine can be set up and extract the gold. A lot of gold is located deep in the earth – beyond the level that ...

Potential Metallic Mining Development in Northern Wisconsin

Potential Metallic Mining Development in Northern Wisconsin The Flambeau Mine extracted about 1000 tons per day of copper-rich ore. Reclamation of the pit began in early 1997 and was completed in late 1998. The Crandon deposit is presently being evaluated for the required environmental impact analyses and the mining permit and other related

Rare Earth Elements

Economically exploitable REE concentrations are generally found in uncommon types of igneous rocks such as carbonatites and alkaline rocks. They can also be found (as parts of mineral compounds) in placer deposits, residual deposits due to weathering, pegmatites, iron-oxides copper-gold deposits, and even in marine phosphates (Long, 2012).

Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores

Mining copper About 200 years ago the UK was an important world source of copper and tin and there were mines in Cornwall and Devon. These mines have now closed and today the biggest copper mines are in Chile (Escondida mine) and Indonesia (Grasberg mine). These produce many millions of tonnes of copper ore per year.

Mining Flashcards | Quizlet

Very little waste rock is left behind the milling process, as these deposits are not economically viable unless ore is of high grade Extraction from buried ore bodies Huge quantities of rock often needs to be removed and discarded so that a relatively small amount of ore can be recovered

Part Three Resources and Technology

age. Thus, copper may be considered a relatively scarce element geochemically.1 This chapter begins with a description of the geology of copper–the kinds of copper minerals, how they formed, and where they are found. The chapter then discusses current world copper re-sources, and the copper content (or ore grade) of current mine production.

GCC region should embrace the mining value chain to catch ...

 · Aluminum is considered a key economic driver for ... from the GCC group involved in the copper mining sector. ... to have sustainable and economically viable mining industry depends on …

Deep-sea mining could provide access to a wealth of ...

 · While commercial mining companies have considered and piloted mining in the past, it is only now that the technology has been developed that might make deep-seabed mining a reality." ... that is surely just as valuable as any amount of copper, nickel or gold. ... Bringing them to the surface in the most economically viable way, however, will ...

Deep Sea Mining

(Phys , 2011). However, the economic viability of deep sea mining is still questionable. If the environmental and financial factors were cleared, then deep sea mining would definitely be a feasible option for the long term. Implementation Details. In order for deep sea mining to be implemented, suitable sites must be found.

Making the grade: understanding exploration results ...

Several ounces of gold per tonne is considered to be high-grade for underground mining, although 5 grams gold/tonne is usually economically viable. The most well-known example of narrow high-grade is in Goldcorp''s Red Lake, Ontario mine where gold grades of 18-20 grams gold/tonne are being mined from its deep workings.

20.1 Metal Deposits – Physical Geology

Looking at copper, for example, we can see that while average rock has around 40 ppm (parts per million) of copper, a grade of around 10,000 ppm or 1% is necessary to make a viable copper deposit. In other words, copper ore has about 250 times as much copper as typical rock.

CHAPTER 4. TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT 4.1 Mineral Deposits …

occur in the region, porphyry copper, intrusion-related gold, and copper and iron skarn may indicate economically viable mining, thereby prompting large-scale development. Thus, the development of a number of mines, of varying sizes, is plausible in this region—and once the infrastructure for one mine

Copper Ore

The principal copper ore mineral is chalcopyrite (CuFeS 2), which is commonly smelted to yield a matte containing ∼50% copper the presence of silica flux, iron is selectively oxidized to a slag. Figure 14 shows a PSD for the Cu–Fe–S–O system at 1 atm SO 2 as a function of temperature (Rosenqvist 1978).Unlike the system for lead, the copper and Cu 2 S melts are nearly immiscible ...

3 Technologies in Exploration, Mining, and Processing ...

The ore at Kennecott contained an amount of copper equivalent to a 100-million-ton typical porphyry copper deposit, which is currently one of the primary types of copper deposits being mined worldwide. The Kennecott deposits were an economically attractive target for exploration.

Mining powers modern life, but can leave scarred lands and pollute…

How to Invest in Copper Stocks | The Motley Fool

Mining powers modern life, but can leave scarred lands and ...

 · The economically viable concentration of a mineral depends largely on its market price. Gold ore can be viable at concentrations as low as 0.0001%, while copper …

Oyu Tolgoi: Impacts of Mining on Economic Outcomes in …

employed by Canadian mining company Ivanhoe Mines Ltd. discovered copper and other metals in economically-viable proportions. The mine has since quickly developed into one of the largest mining operations in the world, producing 157,400 tons of copper, 114,000 ounces of gold, and 974,000 ounces of silver in 2017 (Ergo Strategy Group 2018).

Environmental Risks of Mining

Open pit mining, where material is excavated from an open pit, is one of the most common forms of mining for strategic minerals. This type of mining is particularly damaging to the environment because strategic minerals are often only available in small concentrations, which increases the amount of ore needed to be mined.

Iron oxide copper gold ore deposits

Iron oxide copper gold ore deposits (IOCG) are important and highly valuable concentrations of copper, gold and uranium ores hosted within iron oxide dominant gangue assemblages which share a common genetic origin.. These ore bodies range from around 10 million to >4,000 million tonnes of contained ore, and have a grade of between 0.2% and 5% copper, with gold contents ranging from …

Why Mineral Processing is Very Important for the Mining ...

Ore is an aggregate of economically essential minerals from which a valuable metallic constituent can be profitably mined and extracted. Most of the rock deposits contain metals or minerals. When the concentration of valuable minerals or metals is too low to justify mining, it is considered a waste or gangue material.

Ore

Ore is natural rock or sediment that contains one or more valuable minerals, typically containing metals, that can be mined, treated and sold at a profit. Ore is extracted from the earth through mining and treated or refined, often via smelting, to extract the valuable metals or minerals. The grade of ore refers to the concentration of the desired material it contains.

Innovations: Introduction to Copper: Mining & Extraction

The largest copper mine in ... need to be in excess of 0.5% copper, and preferably over 2%. The known reserves of higher-grade ore in the world amount to nearly 1 billion tons of copper. At the present rate of mine production, which is about 13.9 million tons (12.5 million metric tons) a year, known reserves of copper could be depleted in about ...

Mineral resource dissipation in life cycle inventories ...

 · In that case, copper embodied in slags can be considered as recovered with low functionality, with the impossibility to recover the original, or any significant, value of the resource in the temporal perspective considered (absence of any economically viable technology), i.e., it is a dissipative flow (Table 1). On the contrary, quartz sand ...

What drives GHG emissions from copper production ...

 · The economic, environmental and social factors for the above alternatives need to be considered in order for copper mining to stay viable. Continued efforts by industry to optimize and advance the improvement initiatives discussed will be important to reduce GHG emissions in metals production, even in the face of declining ore grades.

Copper, the most critical metal | Kitco News

 · If each EV contains 85 kg of copper, that is 42,500,000,000 kg, or 42,500,000 tonnes of copper, roughly twice the current volume of copper produced by all of the world''s copper mines. Just so we''re clear — in 20 years, BloombergNEF says copper miners need to double the amount of global copper …

A Good Debate: Ground Control

The economic potential of copper-nickel mining is well studied. According to a 2012 study by the University of Minnesota–Duluth''s Labovitz School of Business and Economics, for every job in the copper-nickel mining industry, two additional jobs will be created in other industries, like manufacturing, retail, and hospitality.

Using the Oxford Scenarios deductive methodology to ...

Trench 2014a, 2014b) or "accessibility" (Sykes and Trench 2014a, 2014b) become more critical to the mining sector. The economic, environmental and socially viable component of the copper ...

Ideas for Class Discussion of the Copper Extraction ...

 · Copper Ore Grade, Mining, and Tailings: Ideas for Class Discussion. Copper occurs in Earth''s crust (average) as 0.0058% by weight. A typical ore body has a grade of copper of 1-4% by weight. The concentration factor of copper in an economically viable ore body is about >80-100 times that of the average value of copper in the Earth''s crust.

World Class Molybdenum Deposits | INN

 · The Mo content of viable ore bodies ranges between 0.01 and 0.25 percent. The US and China produce the most molybdenum, and in the US moly is …

20.1 Metal Deposits – Physical Geology

 · Looking at copper, for example, we can see that while average rock has around 40 ppm (parts per million) of copper, a grade of around 10,000 ppm or 1% is necessary to make a viable copper deposit. In other words, copper ore has about 250 times as much copper as typical rock.

Here''s how the mining industry can respond to climate ...

 · Mining companies must prepare for climate hazards. Today, 30 to 50 percent of production of copper, gold, iron ore, and zinc is concentrated in areas where water stress is already high. Climate change is expected to cause more frequent droughts and floods, altering the supply of water and disrupting operations.

Copper

 · However, only a tiny fraction of these reserves is economically viable with present-day prices and technologies. Estimates of copper reserves available for mining vary from 25 to 60 years, depending on core assumptions such as the growth rate. Recycling is a major source of copper …

21st Century Trends in Space-Based Solar Power Generation ...

to be considered economically feasible, SSP is not an economically viable energy source for remote mining operations, under our given assumptions. Breakeven analysis shows that total costs must equal $281.5 million, a 94% reduction from Mankins'' estimated cost to first power of $4.5 billion. This can be achieved as technological

The threat to Antarctica from mining and exploiting oil ...

Copper minerals in rock. ... contains only about 35% iron against other regions outside Antarctica where ores that are less than 60% are considered to not be worth mining as it is so little. ... oil shale as a source of oil becomes economically viable at way below the cost of extracting oil from Antarctica and this is a potentially huge source ...

Tucson company searching for copper, gold in Burro Mtns ...

 · The "Malone District Exploration Project" plan calls for 14 small drill pads across about four acres of public land, where the company will drill in search of copper, gold, silver, lead and zinc. The drilling sites would be accessed by two dirt roads that intersect with N.M. 90: Mill Canyon Road, or Forest Service Road 859, is proposed as ...

Copper mining. From ore to copper.

From ore to copper. Picture 3. An open pit mine. The size of the huge lorries give you an idea of the scale. 1. Traditional mining. sinking a vertical shaft into the Earth to an appropriate depth and driving horizontal tunnels into the ore. 90% of ore is mined by this method.

Ores Containing Cobalt | Cobalt Institute

Cobalt is almost always a by- or co-product of mining for other base metals, chiefly nickel and copper. Large quantities of cobalt also occur on the sea floor, contained within manganese nodules and cobalt-rich crusts, although they are not economically viable with current technology and economic conditions.